Years of feudal oppression and fiscal mismanagement contributed to a French society that was ripe for revolt. Noting a downward economic spiral in the late s, King Louis XVI brought in a number of financial advisors to review the weakened French treasury.
With the French Revolution began the institutionalization of secularized individualism in both social life and politics; individualism and rationality found expression in parliamentary government and written constitutionalism.
Obviously, the English and American revolutions of and prefigure these changes, but it was the more universalist French… Origins of the Revolution The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions.
The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe.
The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners—merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie —aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it.
The peasantsmany of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings.
Furthermore, from abouthigher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably. This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: For France, which with 26 million inhabitants in was the most populated country of Europe, the problem was most acute.
A larger population created a greater demand for food and consumer goods. The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from aboutindicating a prosperous economic situation. From aboutthis trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent.
Arguments for social reform began to be advanced. The philosophes —intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as DescartesSpinoza and Lockebut they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters.
A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of MontesquieuVoltaireor Rousseau. It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. In North America this backlash caused the American Revolutionwhich began with the refusal to pay a tax imposed by the king of Great Britain.
Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracyand both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants. Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: Page 1 of 6.The French Revolution that took place from to was a crucial period in the history of French, European and Western Civilizations.
The uprising that brought the regime of King Louis XVI to its end is known as the French Revolution. Otto Dann and John Dinwiddy report, "It has long been almost a truism of European history that the French Revolution gave a great stimulus to the growth of modern nationalism."  Nationalism was emphasized by historian Carlton J.H.
Hayes as a major result of the French Revolution across Europe. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated Location: Kingdom of France.
The French Revolution that took place from to was a crucial period in the history of French, European and Western Civilizations. The uprising that brought the regime of King Louis XVI to its end is known as the French Revolution.
The French Revolution began in and lasted until King Louis XVI needed more money, but had failed to raise more taxes when he had called a meeting of the Estates General. This instead turned into a protest about conditions in France.
What was the French Revolution? The French Revolution was a period of time in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. The French Revolution lasted 10 years from to It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille.