Painstakingly painted by hand in watercolor and meticulously researched using the most recent archaeological data available, this book is possibly the most accurate account, both visually and textually, of this period in history. At first friends and allies, the situation degenerates between the two men, transforming them into arch rivals for whom supreme power is the ultimate objective. Victory or death is the only question in their duel.
To that end, the Roman army of the 1st century BC was a disciplined force with its veritable command structure and military organizations. The Gauls on the other hand saw warfare as an extension of their culture, with courage and ritualism playing their crucial roles in bolstering the morale of the soldiers.
And while their elite forces were armed superbly and had experience in conducting raids and battles, the bulk of the Celtic troops lacked any formidable supply system and command chain that could logistically and strategically sustain their vast armies on the campaigns for extended periods.
Simply put, many of these Roman troops were essentially Gauls, though born and brought up under Roman administrative systems and possibly culture. Furthermore, while these Romanized Gauls fought in the typical legionary manner with more-or-less uniform arms and armaments, they were further supported by auxiliary troops who were levied directly from allied Gaulish tribes and even distant Germanic realms — most of whom followed their own set of military commands and battlefield tactics.
Pinterest In one of our previous articles about the Roman legionarieswe discussed how all Roman men aging between 17 and 46 were liable for military service — though the peak age for enlistment tended to be skewed towards the early 20s age group.
And interestingly, each legionary had to claim his origo origin from a city or at least a town. However in spite of such claims, the vast majority of the legionaries came from a rural background — possibly because the rural folk were considered to be more hardy with higher levels of endurance.
As a result, their city-based origo credentials were often fabricated during the time of enlistment, usually by the officials themselves.
And while legionaries tended to be armed uniformly, it was the auxiliaries who truly presented the dynamic scope of the Roman army. Usually recruited from fringe provinces of the Roman Republic along with neighboring states, these auxiliary troops preserved their native brand of fighting styles and tactics.
One apt example would pertain to the use of Gallic and Germanic mounted units by the Roman forces.
Possibly recruited from the elite ranks of the Roman allied tribes, these horsemen formed the main cavalry arm of Caesar in his Gallic campaign.
Interestingly enough, given the Roman penchant for flexibility in operations, Caesar even recruited slingers from the Balearic Islands along with skirmishers and archers from distant Numidia and Crete. This translated to varied types of armor worn by their warriors, with the equipment rather mirroring the economic status of the individual in contrast to the general uniformity of the Roman legionaries.
To that end, the elite and richer sections of the Gaulish tribes exhibited armors and weapons showcasing high-levels of craftsmanship — with items like coolus helmets, mail shirts and long slashing swords. In fact, as a testimony to the refined degree of Gallic craftsmanship, many of such equipment were actually adopted by the Romans themselves.
In fact, these bunch of so-termed low intensity conflicts rather prepared the young Celtic warrior for actual warfare, not only psychologically since courage was not seen as a virtue but rather viewed as expected behaviorbut also tactically, like honing his weapon-handling, and most importantly demonstrating his martial reputation as a warrior.
However while cavalry was still not the dominant force on the ancient European battlefield in contrast to the medieval timesthe Gauls were clearly better in horsemanship when compared to their Roman auxiliary counterparts.
One particular example would relate to the acrimonious defeat of the Roman cavalry at the hand of the Nervii horsemen in 57 AD. And much like the Roman cavalry auxiliaries, the Gaulish cavalry forces were filled by the wealthiest members of their society.
Now it should be noted that stirrups were probably not used by these troops, which partly negated their ability to mount cyclic charges on their infantry-based foes, unlike later-day knights.
However at the same time, the Celtic saddle design was sturdy and effective enough for a skilled rider to maneuver his sword or spear thrust, while also allowing him to throw javelins and projectiles. And interestingly enough, even beyond the armor and skill of the horse-mounted warrior, there was tactical acumen to consider — like the co-ordination between some Germanic cavalry and their light infantrymen that shockingly took the Romans by surprise.
For example, the Roman military cornerstone was the deep organization of its army, with formations and team-work viewed as preferred factors when it came to dynamic solutions for winning an encounter.
On the other hand, the Gauls were motivated by the valor shown in the battlefield through individual deeds, thus making the encounter itself a spectacle where rich nobles and champions could flaunt their ritzy armor, heavy weapons and indomitable courage.
That was because of the tactical system adopted by the Romans that allowed them to fight in compact formations armed with the gladii short swords for thrusting.
In contrast, the Gauls preferred to swing their arms and long slashing swords — actions that needed space and looser formations. So in a way, the Roman solid formations countered the Gauls by snatching away the room needed for boisterous weapon swings.
Caesar's account of the Druids and the "superstitions" of the Gallic nations are documented in book six chapters 13, 14 and in De Bello Gallico. In chapter 13 he mentions the importance of Druids in the culture and social structure of Gaul at the time of his conquest. "Conquest: Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars" is a page graphic novel account of Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul from 49 B.C. to 52 B.C. based on Caesar's own account of the military campaign. Fought between the Roman Republic and several Gallic tribes (mostly from areas constituting present-day France and Belgium), the Gallic Wars from BC for-all-intents-purposes alluded to the clash of cultures. To that end, the Roman army of the 1st century BC was a disciplined force with its.
Also such tactics rather aided the Romans to maintain their cohesion and discipline, factors that were ultimately more helpful in winning engagements than the flair of the Celtic champions.
In any case, now the Romans were pitted against the Veneti, who in spite of losing most of their hill-forts in the land, successfully managed to salvage most of their wealth by virtue of their maritime endeavors. To that end, the general sturdiness of Venetic ship-designs made them almost invincible against ramming.
So as a result, the desperate Roman fleet under the command of one Decimus Brutus who later became the infamous assassin of Caesar devised the ingenious tactic of using grappling hooks that would allow them to cut the rigging of the heavy Venetic vessels.Caesar's Gallic Wars essays chronicle the history of his military engagements during the years B.C.
in Gaul, Germany, and timberdesignmag.com, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays.
Caesar's Gallic Wars BC Essential book by Kate GilliverTypes: Edu & Reference, Lit & Fiction, Children's Books, Religion & Spirituality.
The Gallic Wars has been divided into the following sections: Book 1 [k] Book 2 [60k] Book 3 [53k] Book 4 [64k] Book 5 [98k] Book 6 [77k] Book 7 [k] Book 8 [87k] Download: A k text-only version is available for download.
Caesar's Gallic Wars essays chronicle the history of his military engagements during the years B.C. in Gaul, Germany, and timberdesignmag.com, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays.
Fought between the Roman Republic and several Gallic tribes (mostly from areas constituting present-day France and Belgium), the Gallic Wars from BC for-all-intents-purposes alluded to the clash of cultures.
To that end, the Roman army of the 1st century BC was a disciplined force with its. The Gallic Wars has been divided into the following sections: Book 1 [k] Book 2 [60k] Book 3 [53k] Book 4 [64k] Book 5 [98k] Book 6 [77k] Book 7 [k] Book 8 [87k] Download: A k text-only version is available for download.