Shop What is Urbanization? Urbanization is a process whereby populations move from rural to urban area, enabling cities and towns to grow.
Alba The Cause Much of the growth of the urban population in the last 10 years can be traced to the efforts in opening up the Philippine economy, towards a closer integration of the world economy, or the phenomenon known as globalization. More developed societies have more of their populations residing in cities compared to less developed countries.
Moreover, periods of high growth for any given country are also usually accompanied by high rates of urbanization. Karaos, Effects 1. High Crime rates Following the pattern of other countries, rapid urbanization, industrialization and migration to the cities are major factors that contribute to higher crime rates in Philippine urban centres.
Urban blight in the country is essentially a result of the sudden unprecedented exodus of people from rural to urban areas. Progressively increasing difficulties in rural areas, exacerbated by the natural and man-made calamities that the country continues to experience have resulted in massive migration to the cities.
In-migration, alongside natural population increase, accounts for the burgeoning urban population and the disparate rise of primate cities like Metro Manila. Urbanization in the country has affected the structure and functions of the various social institutions — the family, economy, polity, religion and education.
Industrialization and modernization have led to the diminished functions of the family. Economically, urbanization has worsened poverty.
This is further aggravated by unemployment, underemployment, a decrease in real wages due to persistent inflation and uncontrolled migration. The labour market remains unable to fully absorb fresh graduates and migrants.
The lack of job opportunities have forced many to work abroad, leaving many children and youths under the care and guidance of a single parent or a relative. Slum Formation The formation of slums need not be inevitable with rapid urbanization.
Such an argument appears to be contradicted by evidence of large slum populations in a large number of developing countries and particularly in rapidly urbanizing regions like Asia.
The evidence discussed suggests that city authorities faced with rapid urban development lack the capacity to cope with the diverse demands for infrastructural provision to meet economic and social needs.
Not only are strategic planning and intervention major issues in agenda to manage rapid urbanization, but city governments are not effectively linking the economic development trajectory to implications for urban growth and, hence, housing needs.
In the following discussion, a case study is presented in support of the argument that city governments have to first recognize and then act to establish the link that is crucial between economic development, urban growth, and housing.
This is the agendum that has been largely neglected by city and national governments that have been narrowly focused on economic growth with the consequent proliferation of slum formation as a housing solution. Depleting Natural Systems Rapid conversion of forest lands and grasslands to urban use is depleting these natural systems.
Agricultural yields in lowland areas are stagnating, and population pressures are stimulating cultivation of fragile upland areas, causing serious soil erosion.
While estimates of deforestation differ, forest cover in the Philippines has certainly been significantly reduced over the last forty years, due to increasing urbanization, illegal logging, and forest fires. Reforestation efforts by the government have been erratic, with low tree survival rates.
Marine resources are heavily stressed by over-exploitation and pollution. Deteriorating Urban Environment Air pollution levels in Metro Manila and other cities exceed national air quality standards and impose a serious economic burden on society.
While household garbage collection is improving, 90 percent of sewage is not treated and disposed of in an environmentally sound manner. Community and civil society-led recycling programs have become popular, but hazardous and toxic waste disposal has emerged as a major environmental challenge.
Project loans and technical assistance are expanding and improving water supply, wastewater treatment, solid waste management and transport systems, with a focus on the huge, environmentally stressed Manila metropolitan area.
Retrieved January 27,from Inquirer.Urbanization is virtually irreversible. Whole habitats are eliminated and permanent resources are depleted. Even though the consequences of human activity are unintended, the effects can be far reaching and potentially damaging (Merrifield and Swyngedouw, .
a history of the scottish people summary of economy and society in pre-industrial scotland economic change 3 urban growth and social distress 4 conclusions 6 3. the workshop of the world industrial change in victorian scotland 6 social problems 9 conclusions 9 4.
scotland and relative industrial. Revolution and the growth of industrial society, – Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.
The French Revolution broke out in , and its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. urbanization that has had profound economic, social and political consequences. However, historically, declines in mortality and fertility, and escape from the Malthusian trap, have required countries to have already undergone considerable economic and political development.
Published: Thu, 27 Apr Urban Poverty I. Introduction. Historically, poverty belonged to rural areas, but nowadays it is the same in mega cities and it is estimated that a quarter of the world’s urban population is currently living in a poverty situation (Perlman, ).
Get this from a library! Causes and consequences of rural-urban migration: the case of Woldiya Town, North Ethiopia. [Birhan Asmame Miheretu].